Electric Oven Surface Element Won't Heat

If your electric ovens surface elements are not heating, here you will find troubleshooting help with some of the most common solutions to repair your broken oven with.

WARNING – If you are attempting to repair any household appliances yourself, be aware that you are working with potentially dangerous electrical currents that can cause serious bodily injury or death.  Always remove the electrical power source from the appliance before you ever begin working on it.  Be aware that appliances have extremely sharp edges and moving parts that can cause serious bodily injury or death.  Be aware that there are many other dangers and precautions involved in appliance repair besides those listed above.  We strongly suggest that you please read our DISCLAIMER before any further actions are taken or proceeding any further.  Always think safety first!

Troubleshoot An Electric Ovens Surface Element Won’t Heat With These 4 – Steps

Step-1. Surface Heating Element

Surface elements are insulated coils with a metal covering that creates heat and electrical resistance to achieve a desired temperature that has been selected for cooking.  If your electric ovens cooktop has a surface coil element that is not heating, you need to check the heating element for visual signs of damage.  You will need to locate the surface element that is not heating up and visually inspect it thoroughly to determine weather or not it has any damage.  Look for cracks, burnt or chard spots, blistering on the element or a break in the coil.  If you have done a thorough visual inspection of the element and do not find any obvious signs of damage, you will then need to do a continuity test using either a digital or analog multimeter to determine weather or not the heating element has continuity.  Troubleshooting tip – If you don’t have a test meter, a digital meter can be purchased reasonably cheap online or from one of the bigger hardware stores, a test meter is a real time and money saver while troubleshooting the electrical parts used on an oven.  Electrical parts can be diagnosed either good or bad very quickly, instead of just assuming that a part is faulty and replacing it, only to find out that part wasn’t bad and the problem lies elsewhere with another faulty oven part.  If the element has continuity, then the part is good and the problem lies elsewhere, If the test shows that the element does not have continuity then the element is bad and will need to be replaced. Safety Note –Please keep in mind that just because a surface element doesn’t look hot, does not mean that it isn’t hot, it can still burn you.  You will want to give your oven plenty of time to cool down and be sure to wear safety gloves while inspecting or troubleshooting any of your ovens parts.

Step-2. Radiant Heating Element

You will need to locate the element under the ovens cooktop surface that is not heating up and visually inspect it to determine weather or not it has any damage.  Look for cracks, burnt or chard spots on the heating element or a break in the radiant element coil.  If you have done a thorough visual inspection of the element and do not find any obvious damage, you will then need to do a continuity test using a test meter to determine weather the heating element has continuity or not.  If the test shows the element has continuity, then it is good and element should function properly, If the element tests show that it does not have continuity then it is bad and you will need to replace it.

Step-3. Receptacle

If your ovens surface element starts working erratically, the terminal ends on the oven and element may be charred or burnt. This will cause the surface element to loose electrical contact at times with the terminal block that the element is plugged into. It is always best to replace both the element and the terminal block at the same time.  If the terminals on the element are burnt then the contacts on the block are probably burnt as well.  If a new element is used with a burnt terminal block the parts may not last very long or give you proper service.

Step-4. Surface Element Switch

The surface element switch is also referred to as the surface control switch and the infinite control switch, is used on a free standing ovens cooktop surface to control and send voltage to the surface element.  Some of the most common symptoms of a faulty surface element switch are, the surface element may stay on high heat.  The surface element may stay at high heat no matter what setting you have the selector knob on the control switch set at or you may not be able to turn the surface element on or off at all.  If the surface element is acting erratically, the surface element control switch is the main culprit and it should be replaced.

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