Refrigerator Won't Run

If your refrigerators not running, here you will find troubleshooting help with some of the most common solutions to repair your broken refrigerator with.

WARNING – If you are attempting to repair any household appliances yourself, be aware that you are working with potentially dangerous electrical currents that can cause serious bodily injury or death.  Always remove the electrical power source from the appliance before you ever begin working on it.  Be aware that appliances have extremely sharp edges and moving parts that can cause serious bodily injury or death.  Be aware that there are many other dangers and precautions involved in appliance repair besides those listed above.  We strongly suggest that you please read our DISCLAIMER before any further actions are taken or proceeding any further.  Always think safety first!

Troubleshoot Why A Refrigerator Won’t Run With These 4 – Steps

Step-1. Incoming Electricity

If your refrigerator won’t run or the compressor isn’t kicking on, first you will need to begin by troubleshooting the simple repair solutions.  Step (1) is to open the refrigerator door, is the interior light working?  If the light is working, you can move on to step (2), if the light is not coming on you will need look for a blown fuse or a tripped circuit breaker in your homes main circuit breaker box.   If you do not have a blown fuse or a tripped circuit breaker you will need to test the electrical wall outlet with a volt meter, if you do not have a test meter, try plugging something else that runs on 110 volts into the outlet to see if the outlet is faulty or good.  If you do have a test meter, the wall receptacle test should check at 115V plus or minus 10 percent, if the receptacle is bad, replace it.

Step-2. Overload or Relay Start Capacitor

If you can hear a clicking sound coming from underneath the refrigerator and see the fan working but the compressor will not kick on, it could be that either the start relay or the run capacitor have failed, both are mounted on the side of the refrigerator compressor.  The start relay is used to help start the compressor as a jump start device, if the overload or relay start capacitor is not working the compressor might not start running.

Step-3. Temperature Control Thermostat

The temperature control thermostat is located inside of the refrigerator section, look for the control dial that has the word off printed on it.  This is the control that turns the compressor off and on, go ahead and turn the dial/knob to the off position, then turn it back to the on position.   Did the compressor kick on?  if the compressor did not start you will need to test the thermostat by using a test meter.  Testing the temperature control thermostat – Place the meter probes on the thermostats terminals, set the range scale on (R x I) and test it for continuity.  With the control dial set in the off position, you should not read any continuity, when the control dial is set to the highest position , you should read continuity.  If the control does not have continuity, it will need to be replaced.  If it does have continuity,  more troubleshooting will need to be performed on your fridge.

Step-4. Electronic Control Board

Inspect the refrigerators electronic control board, used on some modern fridges, the control board is a very difficult part to test.  You should look for a loose wire harness connection or a burnt or melted electrical component on the control board and replace it if any damage is found.

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